Treating and Controlling the Skin Condition Impetigo

Children pick up all kinds of different health issues at school or daycare, and seeing them come home covered in oozing blisters can be traumatic. If the sores turn out to be impetigo, you can relax, as it is a common skin complaint among kids. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved several medications for the treatment of impetigo.

The blisters and sores that show up are with impetigo are caused by a bacterial skin infection, with the most commonly infected areas being on the face, neck, hands, and diaper region. Pediatrician Thomas D. Smith, MD, of the FDA explained that while impetigo is contagious, it is also preventable and manageable.

The Causes of Impetigo

The skin contains two types of bacteria that are responsible for impetigo, and they are Staphylococcus aureus and Streptococcus pyogenes, the letter of which is also the trigger for strep throat. Most people carry these bacteria without any sort of issue, but a simple cut, scratch, or insect bite can lead to a bacterial infection that results in impetigo.

Anyone, child or adult, can get impetigo, and can suffer from it more than once. It’s an ailment that can hit at any given time, although, it is usually more prevalent in warmer months. In the U.S. alone, roughly 3 million cases of impetigo are seen every single year.

Smith explained that impetigo is most common in children aged 2 to 6 years old, as they are more likely to get the cuts and scrapes that can lead to the spread of bacteria.

Impetigo Treatment

Listed below are the most common signs of impetigo:

  • Fluid-filled sores that are prone to bursting and forming a yellow crust
  • Itchy rashes
  • Blisters filled with fluid

You should immediately contact your doctor if you see any of the above symptoms. Your doctor will probably prescribe topical or oral antibiotics to treat the impetigo. Multiple visible lesions are most commonly treated with oral antibiotics. What you will not find is an over the counter impetigo treatment option.

The Control and Prevention of Impetigo

If left untreated, impetigo will clear up in anywhere from a few days to a few weeks. Smith makes it clear, though, that you need to use soap and water to keep the affected areas clean, and that you do not scratch. The problem with going this route is that the impetigo can spread to other parts of the body.

Perhaps more importantly, you may end up infecting other people. The spread of infection usually comes via close contact as opposed to casual contact. The spread to others can be prevented by doing the following:

  • Keeping the infected area clean using soap and water
  • Keeping sores and scabs loosely covered until they heal
  • Gently remove crusted over scabs
  • When you touch an infected area, wash your hands with soap and water

Since impetigo spreads via skin to skin contact, it is not uncommon to see outbreaks in a family or classroom setting. Smith recommends that you avoid using items that people infected with impetigo use. If you have impetigo, try to keep your nails short, as this will prevent the bacteria making home under the nails, making it easier to spread. Also, avoid scratching the sores.

If the symptoms persist or get worse, be sure to call your doctor. Signs of worsening symptoms include increased swelling, pain, and fever.


 

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Dandruff Prevention

Dandruff

Dandruff is a common, non-contagious skin condition that affects the scalp (the skin that covers the top and back of the head) and causes flakes of skin to appear. Non-contagious means that you cannot catch dandruff from someone who has the condition. Dandruff can vary in severity- it can be mild, moderate or severe.

Mild dandruff can affect anyone, although it tends to affect men more than women. Dandruff often occurs after puberty and is most common in people in their early twenties. Puberty is the period of life when the body reaches sexual maturity and causes physical, psychological and behavioral changes. In adults, dandruff and seborrhoeic dermatitis may return at any time.

There is not much you can do for dandruff prevention. However, using an antidandruff or antifungal shampoo once a week (or as prescribed on the bottle) after the scalp is clear may help to prevent dandruff and seborrhoeic dermatitis of the scalp.

Dandruff Prevention

Try the following steps for dandruff prevention:

  • Try not to scratch your scalp when using shampoo. Gently massage your scalp without scratching as this will not damage your scalp or your hair.
  • Brush your hair daily and wash it at least three times a week. After washing your hair, rinse it thoroughly to get all the shampoo out. Using a shampoo that contains tea tree oil daily may help reduce dandruff. It contains an antifungal and antiseptic and can be bought in health shops.
  • Avoid using chemicals on your scalp, such as those used in hair colouring products. The chemicals reduce the number of bacteria on the scalp that are needed to fight against yeasts.
  • Using hair products, such as hair gels and hair sprays, can build up oils and can irritate the scalp in some people. You may want to stop using a product for a while to see if your dandruff improves, or change products completely.
  • Spending time outdoors can help reduce dandruff. However, ultraviolet (UV) light from the sun can damage your skin, as well as increasing your risk of developing skin cancer. Make sure you protect yourself from the sun by using a sun screen with the appropriate skin protection factor (SPF) for your skin type.
  • Managing stress can reduce your risk of getting dandruff. Stress can have an adverse effect on your overall health and can increase your risk of becoming ill. Stress can also trigger dandruff or make existing dandruff worse. If you feel stressed or under pressure, your GP can recommend a variety of different ways to help treat your stress.

Wrinkles: Causes and Treatment

Wrinkles are caused by thin, sagging skin. They particularly appear on the face, neck, backs of hands, and tops of forearms.

Wrinkles occur as part of the natural aging process, when the collagen and elastin in the connective tissue of the skin become weak and break down due to changes in fibroblasts that produce collagen and elastin.

Premature or excess wrinkles can also be caused by factors like too much exposure to sunlight or harsh environments, smoking, use of certain drugs, excessive stress, sudden weight loss, loss of vitamin E, and genetic predisposition.

There are many easy natural remedies that will help reduce wrinkles and prevent new ones from forming. Most natural wrinkle remedies do not have many side effects. You can usually try natural remedies for wrinkles without investing a lot of money or suffering from potentially serious complications.

However, it is a good idea to first consult with your dermatologist or skin care specialist, as even the best home remedies for wrinkles can have serious side effects, especially for those with sensitive skin and those prone to allergic reactions.

Head Lice Treatment Options

Your doctor will likely recommend an over-the-counter (OTC) head lice treatment that kills lice and some of the eggs. These head lice treatment medications may not kill recently laid eggs. Therefore, an appropriately timed second treatment is usually necessary to kill nymphs after they hatch but before they become adult lice.

In some geographic regions, lice have developed resistance to OTC medications. Also, OTC treatment may fail because of incorrect use, such as not repeating the treatment at an appropriate time.

If the correct use of an OTC treatment has failed, the next head lice treatment option is a prescription remedy. The truth is, while these pesticides may get rid of lice, they are also being absorbed by the skin. As you may well imagine, this can cause a number of negative side effects – from skin irritation, redness and swelling to breathing difficulties or asthmatic episodes – and that’s just from regular, recommended use! These treatments have caused vomiting, seizures, even death.

Natural head lice treatment can be fantastic for both acute cases of lice and chronic recurrent never-ending cases of nits. You can count on the natural head lice treatment products to quickly, safely remove lice and nits without the use of poisons and pesticides. Instead, the natural remedies use the finest grade homeopathics and aromatherapeutic oils to relieve and soothe itchy irritated scalps.

Enlarged Pores: How to Find a Treatment?

Pores are small passageways through which hair reaches the surface of your skin. The small openings also have additional roles that contribute to your health: Pores act as ducts, allowing oil to travel from under-the-skin glands to the surface to condition the dermis. Aside from that, the tiny holes are one of the paths your body uses to get rid of toxins. In fact, during exercise, your pores become enlarged to facilitate the excretion of waste.

Sometimes pores become so enlarged that they create unattractive craters. Although it’s usually not a medical concern, enlarged pores can damage your self-confidence and self-esteem and require any kind of cosmetic enlarged pores treatment.

Fortunately, there are proven strategies for minimizing or concealing enlarged pores — and restoring even-looking skin.