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Dandruff Prevention

November 1, 2017

Dandruff

Dandruff is a common, non-contagious skin condition that affects the scalp (the skin that covers the top and back of the head) and causes flakes of skin to appear. Non-contagious means that you cannot catch dandruff from someone who has the condition. Dandruff can vary in severity- it can be mild, moderate or severe.

Mild dandruff can affect anyone, although it tends to affect men more than women. Dandruff often occurs after puberty and is most common in people in their early twenties. Puberty is the period of life when the body reaches sexual maturity and causes physical, psychological and behavioral changes. In adults, dandruff and seborrhoeic dermatitis may return at any time.

There is not much you can do for dandruff prevention. However, using an antidandruff or antifungal shampoo once a week (or as prescribed on the bottle) after the scalp is clear may help to prevent dandruff and seborrhoeic dermatitis of the scalp.

Dandruff Prevention

Try the following steps for dandruff prevention:

  • Try not to scratch your scalp when using shampoo. Gently massage your scalp without scratching as this will not damage your scalp or your hair.
  • Brush your hair daily and wash it at least three times a week. After washing your hair, rinse it thoroughly to get all the shampoo out. Using a shampoo that contains tea tree oil daily may help reduce dandruff. It contains an antifungal and antiseptic and can be bought in health shops.
  • Avoid using chemicals on your scalp, such as those used in hair colouring products. The chemicals reduce the number of bacteria on the scalp that are needed to fight against yeasts.
  • Using hair products, such as hair gels and hair sprays, can build up oils and can irritate the scalp in some people. You may want to stop using a product for a while to see if your dandruff improves, or change products completely.
  • Spending time outdoors can help reduce dandruff. However, ultraviolet (UV) light from the sun can damage your skin, as well as increasing your risk of developing skin cancer. Make sure you protect yourself from the sun by using a sun screen with the appropriate skin protection factor (SPF) for your skin type.
  • Managing stress can reduce your risk of getting dandruff. Stress can have an adverse effect on your overall health and can increase your risk of becoming ill. Stress can also trigger dandruff or make existing dandruff worse. If you feel stressed or under pressure, your GP can recommend a variety of different ways to help treat your stress.
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Regardless of your skin type, you need to use products that do more benefit to your skin than harm. While shopping for your ideal beauty product, take heed to the Food and Drug Administration’s (FDA) warning about lotions, skin creams and soaps that have mercury.

What is the best way to determine if a cosmetic product has mercury—in particular those labeled as skin lightening or anti-aging? Just look at the label and see if you can find the terms mercury, mercuric, mercurio, calomel or mercurous chloride. If you see any of these terms in the product, then it means it has mercury, and you need to stop using it.

These products are usually sold as anti-aging products and skin lighteners that eliminate freckles, blemishes, spots and wrinkles. Some teenagers use products like these for acne.

The FDA’s Office Regulatory Affairs representative Jason Humbert claims these products are made overseas and are marketed illegally in the US.  Ethnic shops targeting Asian, Latino, Middle Eastern and African communities often sell these products. Social media sites and other online outlets also market these products. Some people buy these products overseas and bring them back to the United States.

You can’t just assume a product is okay if the ingredients are not listed. It’s against federal law to fail to disclose the ingredients of a nonprescription or cosmetic product. So if the product has no ingredients listed, it is highly recommended you do not use the product Also, don’t use products that have ingredients listed in another language because that’s also a sign of an illegally marketed product.

These products may be marketed as cosmetic products, but they are not FDA-approved.  The only time the FDA allows mercury to be used in a drug or cosmetics is when that’s the only alternative for an efficient preservative. However, this is not the case in these illegal products.

Injunctions, enforcement action, legal seizure of all merchandise, and criminal prosecution are possible consequences for distributors and sellers who market these products.

Mercury is dangerous

The negative consequences of using mercury go far beyond that of the person using the product. It also affects the entire environment where the product is used.

Mercury vapors can be inhaled that are released from the products. Also, people in the house can touch objects like towels or washcloths that have absorbed the vapors.  Pregnant women and women who are nursing are vulnerable to mercury poisoning because the mercury can affect the unborn baby’s brain and nervous system, and it can be passed on to breast milk if a mother is breastfeeding. Other populations, including young children may be highly vulnerable to mercury poisoning.