October 1, 2014
The roots of the Interstate Travel Program at the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) can be traced back to long before the agency existed—to the presidency of John Adams.
Originally part of the Public Health Service, the program focused in the early days on the health of those traveling on Merchant Marine ships and was seen as instrumental in increasing the security of our young nation.
As the U.S. role in the world grew, so did the need for greater attention to the safety of travelers using both government-subsidized and privately owned transportation systems.
“During World War I and II there was nothing worse than sending 3,000 troops on a vessel and 400 of them show up well and the other 2,600 are sick,” says Matt Albright, a consumer safety officer at FDA.
Throughout the 1800s the program expanded as trains traveling across the U.S. were struck by yellow fever and small pox outbreaks. In the early 1900s, buses joined the ranks of interstate transportation and the program went airborne in the 1920s.
For the past 45 years the program has been under the purview of FDA, which has been working diligently to keep travelers healthy.
ITP is responsible for inspecting the food, water and waste-disposal systems in all commercial transport vehicles that travel from one state to another. However, its involvement begins long before the food and water are loaded aboard.
When the train, bus, ship or jet is being planned, ITP is involved from the beginning of the engineering process, including giving feedback on blueprints and designs.
With 20 years in the field conducting inspections and 10 more at FDA headquarters in College Park, Md., ITP manager Bruce Kummer knows that disease and infection can indeed be in the details.
“You don’t want your sewage discharge in front of the intake for water,” says Kummer, describing a basic design flaw. The team inspects for details that include making sure the fitting sizes are different for waste and water, so a worker couldn’t accidentally hook up the waste hose to the potable water intake. Safeguards like this—when implemented during construction – decrease the likelihood of errors that could endanger passengers’ health.
Another important aspect of the construction review process is limiting entrance and harborage areas for pests like rats, mice or cockroaches.
“You can’t fix deficiencies and structural integrity of a conveyance once it is in operation if it was built poorly,” says Albright. “You have to build it properly first.”
To ensure that the passenger conveyance is engineered and built in compliance with standards established by FDA, the ITP team inspects the prototype and addresses issues before mass production begins.
Kummer notes that FDA can withhold a Certificate of Sanitary Construction from a shipyard or other transport builder if there are major sanitary construction defects.
Throughout the transport vehicle’s construction and in the years that follow, FDA does spot checks and inspections as necessary. Larger companies, like Boeing, take advantage of a self-certification program in which FDA is provided with detailed reports on compliance with Agency regulations. FDA can – and has – entered facilities to perform audits to ensure that companies are complying with the construction guidelines.
Generally, FDA issues Warning Letters when deficiencies are discovered to give the company a short time to fix the problems while still operating its vehicle. If companies do not correct the problems, further regulatory steps may be taken and the transport vehicle can be taken out of service.
“Provisional” letters may be sent to operators of caterers, commissaries, watering points, and servicing areas if significant sanitary deficiencies are observed, giving the operators a limited amount of time to correct these items or risk losing their status as an FDA-approved facility. Transport companies are required under FDA regulations to use only approved facilities, which places more pressure on the servicing companies to clean up the deficiencies so they do not risk losing their approved status.
“I feel a lot of pride for my involvement in this work, in keeping travelers safe whether they’re traveling by land, sea or air,” Kummer says.
August 24, 2012
Male libido problems may be triggered by age, health-related conditions as well as such psychological problems as chronic tiredness and stress. There is a number of specific steps each of which plays an important role in stimulating and maintaining erection. However, the balance between these steps is very delicate and ruining it might lead to male libido problems.
- Nonphysical factors could be the reason for male male libido problems too. They could comprise:
- Psychological problems. These include stress, anxiety and tiredness. Sometimes impotence can be a side effect of more severe problems, such as depression.
- Negative feelings. If sexual partners are not interesting to each other, have little in common, express hostility or resentment towards each other, it is likely to lead to male libido problems.
- Physical reasons for male libido problems have a great amount of cases. Among them are nerve damage as a consequence of long standing sugar diabetes, poor blood supply to the penis as a the result of cardiovascular disorders, hormonal disorders, hormonal problems, endocrine diseases, drinking alcohol, smoking and taking drugs. Actually, male impotence is usually the primary symptoms of an actual medical condition.
In most cases the causes of the physical and nonphysical nature are closely connected, so it’s normally very difficult to say why the problem exists.
Certainly all men want to get straightforward answers to solve their male libido problems. We cannot be satisfied with less! But the only thing you can actually do is to visit your general practitioner, to ask him many questions, to undergo medical tests and then to discover that all goes well with you and your health. What can we do to increase sexual stamina and have mind-blowing orgasms? Are there any faster or cheaper solutions?
This is where these products for male libido improvement come to aid.
First of all, there are vacuum pumps, which can be used for achieving an erection or trying to increase the penis. They are also dangerous and rather ineffective. You will certainly get the desired result with vacuum but you have to make sure that everything is performed correctly as you do not want to make some mistake that will bring to damage of penis.
A method that is safe and effective is using penis devices. By using penis devices you make connective tissue of your organ generate more cells and, thus, increase the length and girth in erect and “relaxed” state as well. Of course, the results won’t be achieved overnight. It is impossible to buy something today and increase the size of the penis in 10 inches tomorrow.
According to the posts in penis extender devices forum, you cannot get the desired results in short time and with no effort of you. You should understand that if you want to get results, you have to spend your time and effort, and you will undoubtedly win the prize.
June 2, 2012
The question of male health enhancement is one of the most debating questions of modern society. Its popularity can be explained be the social situation and trends of today. In spite of the fact that fads come and go in the modern world the problem of male health enhancement continues to attract attention of men who want to obtain bigger might thanks to it.
There are quite a lot of people know who can be called gurus. They are ready to help newcomers to make the right choice because there are a great amount of paths to take. In spite of the fact that male health enhancement is not a tendency now, the market is really full of male health therapy products.
This is very easy to increase the size of penis now therefore many men resort to it. It helps them to enhance the quality of intimate relationship and boost their confidence. Everyone who has time can make his dream come true in condition that he also has enough money. That is one of the strongest points of male health enhancement.
A big deal of people think male health enhancement solves only physical problem, but they are not right. Every physical problem impacts our psychology. So, problems of little penis can cause big psychological problems. This is a strange but effective way to raise self-confidence. Men may suffer from lack of self esteem when they think that they have a defect and penis is not as big as it should be. But the situation can be corrected without extra efforts and there are a lot of opportunities to bring relief to such people.
Your body and self-esteem will definitely benefit from a couple of extra inches on length and girth. You can now forget about your problem very quickly as we have a solution for you. And simply picture to yourself how great love-making feels for a guy whose male organ has just obtained a couple of centimeters in girth and length. Even better, think about what a great delight his partner is in for.
Male health enhancement forums are developing very fast. Men tell their success stories on different male health enhancement forums and other men inspired by this experience follow their examples. Some may doubt that these cases are real but the number of such people is so big that it would be impossible to organize the campaign of such scale.
If you visit some of the male health enhancement forums you will be surprised to reveal a considerable community of men who used to be obsessed with the problem before but now enjoy the result sharing the story with others. In any case you’ll find enough men who will have desire to put on airs and boast of their results. Stop them at once because it will be difficult to break them off then. There will be people who will be eager to help you without boasting.
April 6, 2012
Do you experience problems with small erections or erection control? Then give it a shot and see if male therapies can solve your problems and help you become more confident with your performance. Take a first step to a better sexual life by choosing the most suitable male therapy product.
Today we often identify the programs of penis exercises and erection enhancement as a spam, because we get a lot of e-mails of such kind and they irritate us. But in spite of this fact there are some companies which can really help men in fixing their sexual problems. It can be a real rescue for those who suffer unsatisfied and their partners as well.
Male therapy exercises can be found everywhere. Due to the Internet the method has become very popular. If you want to get more control over your erections and sexual performance, male exercises can help you to do it so and to save your money.
First of all, the male therapy exercises are based on the increase of blood circulation in penis. Blood volume also increases within this organ. Erectile tissue uptakes more blood during the sexual arousal; this causes stronger and longer erection. According to the specialists the more blood accommodates in penis, the bigger this organ is in any condition, either erected or flaccid.
PC muscle (Pubococcygeal muscle) training is one more way to obtain control over erections. Men are able to exercise Pubococcygeal muscle and learn how to get better erections, which are necessary for good sexual life. There are two other types of muscles that support the shaft of the male organ. They are the Ischio Cavernous (IC) and Bulbo Cavernous (BC). The organ gets thicker when these muscles contract. It is obvious that this group of muscles can be exercised as any other group of muscles. As a result, your penis will get bigger and thicker.
Those programmes which really help combine both muscles trainings and blood flow increase. So the main problem which needs to be solved is to find such a programme which works and will be helpful to change your sexual life for the better.
Are there any shortcomings of the therapy exercises? The answer is – “yes”. It is not as ideal as it can see. For example it won’t work when you suddenly want a fast erection. Fortunately, other male therapy products were developed to go through the deep layers of the penis tissue and penetrate the testicles at once providing positive and fast results within a minute or two.
95% of helpful components are absorbed directly into the tissue through the skin. Compare this result with the 5-10% absorption of herbal remedies in tablets or capsules.
Male therapy oils are the important part of the new group of sex-related merchandise, and are changing the landscape of the market because of their high performance. Even though normally known as natural oils, a number of these items are water-based. If you usually use condoms, you should choose a water-based “oil” because formulas based on oil are known to decrease the effectiveness of latex.
The composition of the product depends upon the manufacturer. But the common components are vitamins, natural herbs, amino acids and some flavorings. L-Argynine is one of the important elements which assist with the sexual boost. It is an amino acid which transforms into nitric oxide, a fundamental building block which is essential to the orgasm cycle in men.
A male therapy product, selected with great care, will enhance your sexual performance in the best way, helping you to achieve longer-lasting erection, greater penile firmness and to avoid or reduce the cases of premature ejaculation.
March 22, 2012
We are likely to enjoy so much the things that we get for free that we keep looking for free options or at for those that offer a good deal. The same is with erection enhancement exercises: we are very much interested in free or at least cheap exercises. We all wish to have a good purchase. When the product can affect your health then it is very important to look closer at what you are going to acquire. Why not risk your health? This is one of the most essential things we have.
The market is full with different male enhancement products; more and more companies are involved into this business although FDA does not support all of them. It seems no difficulty in improving man’s libido, health, erection or sexual desire. And all of these companies insist that their products can solve all these problems. In many cases producers know how unconfident men feel about their condition, and sell an empty thing, not something that really helps. Consequently, in most cases these products are thrown away unused. If you are really interested in the result when looking for a means to improve your sex life, then you’d better forget the offers with free trials and consider erection enhancement programs that offer a number of advantages.
Apart from being proven, safer, and more natural, erection enhancement exercises also cost less than pills or surgery. The only difficulty is to pick a program that really works. And in order to make the right choice we recommend keeping in mind the following. There are some erection enhancement programs, which cost money, but are no good. On the contrary, there are some free erection enhancement programs, but their effect is doubtful too.
Firstly, you have to pay attention to what kind of training is offered in this or that program. Always choose the program that has video tutorials. It is necessary for you to see the way the exercises should be performed. Free erection enhancement exercises are rarely provided with video, they contain text descriptions only.
Try to find out what results will the exercise bring. There is no need to spend your time on practicing if no proven results can be achieved. Only a few erection enhancement programs can guarantee success. Give preference to the product that does not have positive reviews only but the ones that are recommended by health care practitioners. This is something that you will never get with free trials. Therefore free trials will never provide safe product for you.
Of course, you should find out the cost of the program. The costs can be completely different. But if the program doesn’t have the points discussed above it doesn’t matter how cheap it is, keep away from it.
You must be sure that if you don’t make it with this programme you’ll be able to get your money back. There should be a clear system of returning payments if the programme didn’t help. And remember that if you don’t pay for exercises nobody is responsible for their effectiveness.
A good program should include some customer support service in case of doubts or problems. The necessary information should be available quickly and easily. Obviously, free erection enhancement exercises cannot have any professional customer support. As a rule, people who drive their FAQs and forums are not MDs and subsequently are not responsible for the answers and advices they give.
In order to be really effective, a good program should include all main ingredients helping to improve male power. And this is the point in which many free programs do not succeed. If a program you are using is safe and proven by experts, you will have no side effects, but real results only. So try and get all information about the program you are able to find.
One of the best ways to select a good erection enhancement program is to find a penis exercises forum with real men discussing and reviewing erection enhancement exercises from their own experience. Such a forum can give you answers on all the mentioned above questions and help to find the best erection enhancement exercises.
February 21, 2012
Sexual health depend much on food we eat. Don’t forget that your favorite stake or potatoes you’ve eaten for dinner leads to the increase of the problems in sexual sphere. But some food can make a positive effect and help treat male sexual dysfunctions. Even the smell of food influences sexual mood. Special food can treat definite intimate problems or even illnesses.
Coffee can help treat male sexual dysfunction due to its caffeine effect, which results in enhanced blood flow, stronger heart pumping and increased metabolism.
They are known as sexuality stimulators and it is really so. They contain vitamin B6 and zinc which are necessary for testosterone production. Lack of testosterone leads to worse erection, which can turn into male sexual dysfunction.
Warm up your sexual life. Blood is flowing faster after spicy food and bright blood vessels are the effect of it, but it is not the only obvious result. Biologically erection is based just on the phenomenon of hydraulics. Male organ becomes hard because of liquid (blood) which was forced into blood vessels. That’s why healthy strong heart and blood vessels are necessary to treat male sexual dysfunction.
Bananas are rich in potassium which is so vital for heart and blood circulation – the major factors of healthy erectile function. Potassium will keep your blood pressure at healthy level through keeping under control your sodium levels. This is the scheme how bananas act to reduce the risks or developing male sexual dysfunctions. Yet, there are other sources or potassium as well in case you don’t like bananas and consume too much salt. You can get this mineral from jacket potatoes (particularly from its skin) and oranges as well.
Maintaining healthy blood consistency is another way to treat male sexual dysfunction. And oily fish – such as trout, mackerel, salmon, and fresh tuna – contain omega-3 fatty acids that make blood less thick thus enhancing its flow. Eat fish twice a week to maintain healthy arteries.
You require vitamin B1 for a balanced central nervous system, so consume pork to produce more semen. You may also obtain B1 from black beans and whole wheat bread.
Find anthocyanins in cherries to enhance the quality of your artery walls. This is a colorful plant chemical, which works great against fatty plaques. Consequently you will avoid atherosclerosis and you will never have clogged arteries. If you don’t like cherries, try other berries or fruit of bright colours: nectarines, peaches and plums, for example. They all will keep your arteries very smooth.
You are advised to eat enough onions and garlic, because they contain allicin. This substance helps you treat male sexual dysfunction, because it makes blood less sticky and improves its circulation, as well as prevents formation of clogs and clots. You are worried that the smell of onion can hardly be called sexy? No problem, you should just chew some parsley and peppermint gum.
Red wine contains a lot of antioxidant phytochemical resveratrol. It opens arteries and enhances the production of nitric oxide. Nitric oxide helps to expand the blood vessels. However, the person should not drink over 2 glasses of wine, otherwise the effect will be opposite.
There are a lot of medications that are proscribed for you and though the herbal pills may seem to be safe for male sexual dysfunction treatment, it is necessary to have the right diet if you want to achieve the result. Vitamin E, vegetables and fruit, zinc and fish oil are your cheerful helpers in fixing the problem of male erectile dysfunction. And at the same time sodium, fat and sugar glut in your food exacerbate the problem.
July 23, 2011
What is male libido? Though generally “libido” means energy and vitality, but usually this word is used to denote desire. And libido in the meaning of desire provokes our strong interest to this popular subject. Libido is considered a part of human’s health and deserves attention as well as any other wellness topic.
Luckily, there are people who can boast of powerful libido provided by nature. For all the rest nature has something different to offer to improve male libido. These are herbs, helpful formulae, minerals and vitamins. Another option is male libido pills that help instigate or increase your libido exercising it.
We understand your desire to know how to enhance your libido, but, first of all, it is worth understanding the causes that decrease your drive. The reasons of reduced libido can be divided into two aspects: physical and psychological.
Psychological reasons depend upon the relationships between partners, upon the possibility to realize one’s demands, upon the hidden conflicts. Physical aspects include infertility, consequences of plastic surgery or abuse.
Male libido pills, also known as male enhancement pills are not the only good means for improving your libido. There are other male enhancement products. Libido can be encouraged by exercises especially if they are done regularly. A lot of great results were achieved with the help of regular aerobic and strength-training. Physical exercises improve strength, make you look better and decrease tension. Besides, it raises spirits as endorphins are discharged. Optimistic outlook and positive attitude like “don’t worry, be happy”, greatly contribute to both mental and physical health to say nothing about the fact that they make person much more attractive. Similarly, it is a good idea to learn more about stress management. Knowing how to cope with the stress will help improve both your health and your libido.
Some people undervalue the importance of healthy diet. You should eat healthy food rich in nutrients and vitamins. Thus, you will make your organism function properly, keep perfect hormone level, reduce stress and boost energy. Choose a balanced eating routine with a various natural foods with right amount of macronutrients (carbohydrates, fats, proteins) along with dietary fiber.
As for male libido pills, they should be natural. Nowadays the choice of such supplements is great. However, you may often find male health products of poor quality. Moreover, they may contain different ingredients from those written on the label. Therefore, it is recommended to buy male libido pills from a reliable source.
You should find male libido pills containing the best ingredients strong enough to support the healthy male system. The next issue to consider is side effects. There shouldn’t be dangerous or unwanted ones. Such ingredients as herbs and fruits extracts contained in male libido pills contribute to healthy activity and quality of sperm. One can expect restoration of hormonal balance, and good condition of prostate.
According to the earlier outlined paragraphs, it may be determined that a lot of men experience erection failure or reduced desire, particularly as they age. Man’s drive is a reflection of the level of his life: healthy diet, active lifestyle and family relationships. This all affects his function and enjoyment. Despite the age every man can influence his potential. Male libido is a complex system which concerns blood supply, testosterone and everything connected with erectile functions. Regular exercises and wellness lifestyle impact on it greatly.
Healthy lifestyle supported by male libido pills, that contain specific fruits and whole herbs as special nutrients, will enhance and support libido at healthy level with its such aspects as erectile functions and due sperm quality and count, thus contributing to the health condition in general.