Can Probiotic Supplements Help Prevent Coronavirus Disease?

I decided to summarize the scientific findings on the SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus and the potential mechanism of probiotic supplements in COVID-19 prevention, due to a substantial increase in this type of questions.

At the end of 2019, a new category of coronavirus triggering a series of cases and deaths of pneumonia appeared in the area of Wuhan, China, and then was quickly spreading to many other countries around the world, to turn to pandemic crisis nowadays, according to WHO.

The coronavirus is entirely new to human immune system. No single human being is thought to be subjected to this before the latest outbreak. The immune systems are thus extremely vulnerable to the infection, and thus have not yet had the ability to develop natural resistance to it.

This is among the factors why the infection spreads through the society so dramatically. Health providers are still learning how the infection is transmitted, finding physiopathology linked to its transmission and what the clinical targets and approaches might be possible.

Probiotic Supplements and COVID-19 disease

So there is currently no vaccine or reliable scientifically proven effective treatment available. In this case, the best approaches are to prevent COVID-19 by maintaining good hygiene by cleaning our hands, minimizing direct contact with an infected person and stimulating our immune system.

The human body, and the gut in particular, is host to trillions of healthy bacteria that exist in complete harmony, allowing us consume foods, remove toxins, create active molecules and strengthen our immune system to protect us against dangerous pathogens.

Probiotic bacteria may work with our intestinal flora, improving our immune system, through immune function and encouraging physiologically important immune cell signals.

In recent decades, it has been confirmed that several probiotics can decrease or prevent the average length of bacterial or viral disease.

The combination of probiotics with vitamins may also be a good strategy for generic strengthening of the immune system. For example , vitamin D can amplify innate and adaptive immune responses beyond their effects on homeostasis of the bone and calcium.

Moreover, it has been shown that not only the vitamin D receptor is expressed on the surface of immune cells, but all immunological cells are also capable of synthesizing metabolite of vitamin D.


There is no medical justification that probiotics can be used explicitly to defend, prevent, or treat coronavirus. Despite these facts, I firmly endorse any scientifically based strategy for improving our immune system.

It is essential to help sustain a strong microbial diversity of the gut and prevent intestinal dysbiosis in the seniors, babies, and the overall public.

The combination of a safe and healthy diet with, among others, prebiotics, probiotics, vitamin supplements could help us strengthen our immune system during the COVID-19 outbreak.


5 Facts About Our Immune System And How To Boost It

It’s now more important than ever to stay healthy and help your body defend from all those viruses and infections. And this is where our immune system can help us.

I created this small guideline with 5 facts about our immune system and possible ways and methods to boost it.

  1. What is an immune system?
    The immune system consists of cells and tissues that control the body’s response to infections and the body’s response to other health problems. These cells defend against illness and help keep us healthy. Each type of cell is different in how they respond to infections, and these cells often fight for control of the body’s immune system. While the immune system is able to regulate the body’s response to illness and help fight off disease, it is vulnerable to infection, too. Any injury to the immune system can lead to autoimmune illnesses.
  2. What is an autoimmune illness?
    An autoimmune disease is one where your body attacks something it does not recognize, such as a bacteria that causes a cold, viruses or tumors. Your immune system makes antibodies against your own cells (proteins, ligaments or other tissues), and that is called autoimmunity. Autoimmune diseases vary widely, but they all have one thing in common: the body’s immune system attacks the body’s tissues.
  3. Causes of a weak immune system.
    There are several causes of a weak immune system. For example, a lack of hygiene can cause the onset of certain illnesses. There are 3 types of causes that may lead to a weakening of the immune system:

    • The first type of problem that may develop is called an allergic reaction. It is possible to develop this type of problem due to a viral infection, particularly a virus. The common cold can also cause this type of weakness.
    • Another cause of a weak immune system is due to conditions affecting the lining of the digestive tract, such as Crohn’s disease.
    • Finally, abuse of alcohol, drugs, or smoking can cause the immune system to become weaker.
  4. Certain foods can boost an immune system.
    Foods like tea, onions, and avocado are natural immune boosters, experts say. It’s important to identify other foods that help boost an immune system or take those that boost your immune system. Always consult a doctor and share any changes in your diet with them. Here is a short list of foods that may make changes in your immune system:

    • Fish
    • Citrus fruits
    • Broccoli
    • Garlic
    • Onion
    • Black or green tea
    • Spinach
    • Almonds
  5. There are supplements to improve our immune system.
    They usually contain vitamins and minerals that provide a body with critical immune-boosting nutrients to help our immune system fight with viruses, bacteria, and infections. These supplements must be taken in the proper dose. While some are good for your immune system, others might have harmful side effects, so it is important to make sure you choose the right supplement for your specific health conditions. The most common ingredients of immune system boosters are:

    • Zinc
    • Vitamin C
    • Vitamin A
    • Vitamin E
    • Grape seed extract
    • Olive leaf
    • Green tea leaf


  1. Zinc gluconate lozenges for treating the common cold. A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study.
  2. Vitamin C and Immune Function
  3. Role of Vitamin A in the Immune System
  4. Supplements that boost the immune system
  5. Mechanism discovered for health benefit of green tea, new approach to autoimmune disease

Coronavirus Summary

What is coronavirus?

Coronavirus is another type of respiratory viruses. There are several different types of coronavirus and a few of them cause illness. A recently identified form has caused a major outbreak of lung disease, now called COVID-19, which started in China.

What are coronavirus symptoms?

When you have a high temperature or breathing problems of some kind, such as coughing or chest tightness, contact your GP or medical care specialist to clarify your condition over the phone without rushing to the doctor’s office, emergency care center or hospital.

How to treat coronavirus?

Although there is no treatment that can prevent a new type of coronavirus, the risk of COVID-19 can be reduced.

Source: What is Coronavirus? How to Treat Coronavirus?

What is Flatulence? How to Get Rid of It?

Is flatulence normal?

The average adult has flatulence between 13 and 21 times a day. Flatulence is a normal part of the digestion process. But if flatulence builds up in your intestines and you’re unable to expel it, you may start to feel pain and discomfort.

Gas pain, bloating, and flatus frequency can be exacerbated by anything that causes diarrhea or constipation. Flatulence can also be caused by:

  • overeating
  • swallowing air while you eat or drink
  • gum chewing
  • smoking cigarettes
  • eating certain foods

Make an appointment with your doctor if your flatulence symptoms:

  • cause you distress
  • change suddenly
  • are accompanied with constipation, diarrhea, or weight loss

Your doctor can determine the underlying cause.

How to get rid of flatulence?

Often, your flatulence is caused by what you eat. Food is digested primarily in your small intestine. What is left undigested is fermented in your colon with bacteria, fungi, and yeast, as part of digestion. This process produces methane and hydrogen, which are expelled as flatus.

For many people, changing dietary habits is enough to alleviate flatulence and its accompanying symptoms. One way to determine which foods are giving you flatulence is by keeping a food diary. Common culprits include:

  • high-fiber food
  • foods with high fat content
  • fried or spicy food
  • carbonated beverages
  • artificial ingredients commonly found in low-carbohydrate and sugar-free products, such as sugar alcohol, sorbitol, and maltitol
  • beans and lentils
  • cruciferous vegetables, such as Brussels sprouts, cauliflower, and broccoli
  • prunes or prune juice
  • foods containing lactose, such as milk, cheese, and other dairy products
  • fermentable oligosaccharides, disaccharides, monosaccharides, and polyols (FODMAP) — molecules found in a wide range of foods, such as garlic and onion, that may be hard to digest
  • over-the-counter fiber drinks and supplements

When Should You See Your Doctor?

If your flatulence and bloating concern you, discuss these symptoms with your doctor. She will check your history and symptoms to see if they point towards a health condition that can cause excessive flatulence. Many of these are treatable.


Products for Pancreatitis Treatment

What is pancreatitis?

Pancreatitis is an inflammatory condition that occurs within the pancreas, a large and important organ located behind the stomach and connected to the first part of the small intestine known as the duodenum.

The pancreas has two main functions: supplying enzymes that help to digest proteins, carbohydrates and fats in the small intestine, and secreting hormones that regulate the body’s metabolism of sugar. Under normal circumstances, the pancreatic enzymes that digest food become activated when they leave the pancreas and reach the duodenum; however, under abnormal circumstances such as pancreatitis they can become activated inside the pancreas and start “digesting” the gland itself, causing tissue injury and inflammation.

What are pancreatitis symptoms?

The most common pancreatitis symptom is abdominal pain, occurring either in discrete episodes that last hours to days, or continuously for months or even years.

Acute pancreatitis comes on suddenly, usually with mild to severe pain in the upper abdomen that may radiate to the back and occasionally to the chest.

A number of complications can occur from severe or repeated bouts of pancreatitis. As pancreatic tissue is damaged, it becomes more susceptible to bacterial infection by organisms that originate in the small intestine and spread into ducts or the pancreas itself. This can lead to high fevers, abscess formation, septic shock and ultimately organ failure if the infection is not contained or controlled in time.

Recovering through your diet

If you’ve suffered an acute pancreatitis episode, you can help speed your recovery with some dietary and lifestyle changes, she says.

Try these tips:

  • Eat 6 to 8 small meals a day. It’s easier on your pancreas.
  • Add 1 to 2 tablespoons of MCTs to your daily diet and you can continue this if you have moderately severe or severe chronic pancreatitis.
  • Take a multivitamin to replenish vitamins A, D, E, K, B12, zinc and folic acid.
  • Limit total fat intake to less than 30 grams per day. Eliminate saturated fats.
  • Avoid alcohol.
  • Don’t smoke (or do your best to quit).
  • Stay hydrated.
  • If your abdominal pain continues, your doctor may also refer you to a pain management specialist.

Natural Treatment of Pancreatitis

Especially in the case of chronic pancreatitis, natural products for pancreatitis treatment offer an excellent treatment option because they are capable of dealing with pancreatitis. If you consider these remedies, you may want to discuss it with your doctor first about how to cure pancreatitis with the help of natural products for pancreatitis treatment.


Treatment of Acute Otitis Media in Adults

Acute otitis media is a viral or bacterial infection of the middle ear. It is the most common infection by which antibiotics are prescribed in children residing in the United States.

Causes of otitis media

Otitis media is caused by a virus or bacteria that causes an accumulation of fluid behind the eardrum. This condition can result from a cold, allergy or a respiratory infection.

The accumulation of fluid in the middle ear during otitis media causes ear pain, swelling and redness, which is called acute otitis media, and also prevents the eardrum from vibrating adequately, which often results in (temporary) hearing problems.

The fluid that remains in the middle ear produces severe otitis media or middle ear infection. This condition can become chronic, produce acute infections repeatedly, and eventually cause hearing difficulties. Otitis media can also cause ruptured eardrums.

Diagnosis and treatment of acute otitis media

For the diagnosis of acute otitis media, specific signs and symptoms should be considered, such as otalgia, acute otorrhea or otoscopy with unambiguous inflammation data. The eardrum hyperemic, opaque and bulging can be observed with poor motility.

The use of home instruments such as needles often push the wax deeper into the ear canal as well as increasing the possibility of trauma.


The overall incidence of complications of otitis media is low. Complications of the central nervous system occur in 1 adult per 100,000 per year.

Mild to moderate hearing loss occurs in half of patients with chronic suppurative otitis.


The usual treatment of acute otitis media is performed with antibiotics for ten or fourteen days.

Usually, with antibiotic treatment the symptomatology improves significantly in 48 hours. In addition, the specialist may also prescribe nasal and mucolytic decongestants if needed.

When episodes of acute otitis media are very frequent and it is suspected that there are sources of infection, such as chronic adenoiditis, chronic sinusitis or immunological immaturity, a treatment should be established that is as specific as possible.

In many cases, repeated episodes of otitis media occur along with symptoms of adenoiditis and adenoid hypertrophy, so the removal of hypertrophic adenoid tissue and the placement of transtympanic drainage tubes should be performed.

Adults can also get otitis media and the treatment is the same as for children.


Are there Alternative Medications for Gastritis Treatment?

Gastritis is inflammation (irritation) of the stomach lining. This may be caused by many factors including infection, alcohol, particular medications and some allergic and immune conditions. Gastritis can be either acute (with severe attacks lasting a day or two) or chronic (with long-term appetite loss or nausea). In many cases, gastritis has no symptoms (asymptomatic).

Some forms, including chronic atrophic gastritis, have been associated with an increased risk of stomach cancer. Treatment options include avoiding exposure to known irritants and taking medication to reduce the amount of gastric juices.

While there are instances where medical treatment is necessary to treat gastritis, many people find they can manage the symptoms at home. People with gastritis should see a doctor if they experience:

  • a gastritis flare-up that lasts more than a week
  • vomiting blood
  • blood in the stool

However, outside of medication, the four main causes of gastritis can all be remedied to some extent by changing your diet. Gastritis is the weakening of the stomach lining, and can sometimes be cured by a lifestyle change. Symptoms for gastritis can range from none at all to abdominal pain, indigestion, nausea, and even anemia. A diet change for gastritis focuses on alleviating the common causes of gastritis, and can be an effective gastritis treatment.

Finally, some people also choose to take over-the-counter drugs, such as antacids, to control severe symptoms, while others are prescribed proton pump inhibitors or H2 blockers to help control levels of stomach acid. In the cases where chronic gastritis causes anemia, it’s common for vitamin B12 deficiency to be treated using intermittent injections.

Research shows that foods that can help manage gastritis symptoms include high-antioxidant foods (especially those with flavonoids, like berries), onions, garlic, squash, bell peppers, nuts, soaked legumes/beans, sprouted whole grains, sea vegetables, and grass-fed meat or pasture-raised poultry. Supplements like omega-3 fatty acids, probiotics and vitamin C can also be beneficial for gastritis sufferers.


Anemia Supplements

Anemia is the most common blood disorder in the country. According to the Mayo Clinic, more than 3.4 million Americans suffer with some form of anemia, the symptoms of which often include fatigue, weakness, shortness of breath, pale skin, and cold or numb hands and feet. Headaches are another symptom, as are nails that break easily.

The goal anemia treatment is to increase the amount of oxygen that your blood can carry. This is done by raising the red blood cell count and/or hemoglobin level. Otherwise, doctors treat the underlying cause of the anemia.

Low levels of vitamins or iron in the body can cause some types of anemia. These low levels might be the result of a poor diet or certain diseases or conditions. To raise your vitamin or iron level, your doctor may ask you to change your diet or take vitamin or anemia supplements.

If you are indeed iron deficient, your doctor will probably prescribe iron supplements. Most people with mild or moderate iron deficiency anemia can correct the problem over a period of about three months, but if iron stores remain low, a few more months of supplementation may be recommended.

Strict vegetarians may need to take in higher levels of iron.

At high doses, iron is toxic. For adults and children ages 14 and up, the upper limit — the highest dose that can be taken safely — is 45 mg a day. Children under age 14 should not take more than 40 mg a day.

The American Academy of Pediatrics suggests that — starting at 4 months of age — full-term, breastfed infants should be supplemented with 1 mg/kg per day of oral iron. This should continue until iron-containing complementary foods, such as iron-fortified cereals, are introduced in the diet. Standard infant formula that contains 12 mg/L iron can fulfill the iron needs of an infant until age 1.


Claustrophobia Treatment Tips

Claustrophobia is one of the most common phobias. It is a situational phobia triggered by an irrational and intense fear of tight or crowded spaces. It frequently results in a panic attack and can be triggered by things such as being in a crowded elevator, a small room without any windows, or driving on a congested highway.

Claustrophobia Symptoms: For some people, claustrophobia may disappear on its own. Others may need therapy to manage and cope with their symptoms. Symptoms of claustrophobia vary. However, some common symptoms include: sweating, increased heart rate, dizziness, hyperventilating, inability to breathe, headaches, and trembling.

Claustrophobia Treatment Tips: If you experience any of these symptoms, you should see a doctor. Don’t wait until your claustrophobia becomes too overwhelming because an early diagnosis can help you better manage your symptoms. Claustrophobia is most commonly treated by psychotherapy. Different types of counseling can help you overcome your fear and manage your triggers. Counter conditioning and exposure therapy (gradually exposing people to situations that trigger anxiety) can help people build a tolerance and learn coping mechanisms. Others can benefit from therapy or medication.



Age-related Macular Degeneration

Age-related macular degeneration — also called macular degeneration, AMD or ARMD — is deterioration of the macula, which is the small central area of the retina of the eye that controls visual acuity.

The health of the macula determines our ability to read, recognize faces, drive, watch television, use a computer, and perform any other visual task that requires us to see fine detail.

Macular degeneration is the leading cause of vision loss among older Americans, and due to the aging of the U.S. population, the number of people affected by AMD is expected to increase significantly in the years ahead.

According to a recent study by researchers at the University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health and the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), approximately 6.5 percent of Americans age 40 and older have some degree of macular degeneration. Other research suggests there were 9.1 million cases of early AMD in the U.S. in 2010 and this number is expected to increase to 17.8 million by the year 2050.

AMD is most common among the older white population, affecting more than 14 percent of white Americans age 80 and older. Among Americans age 50 and older, advanced macular degeneration affects 2.1 percent of this group overall, with whites being affected more frequently than blacks, non-white Hispanics and other ethnic groups (2.5 percent vs. 0.9 percent).

Progression to wet macular degeneration is the main complication of dry age-related macular degeneration. At any time, dry macular degeneration can progress to the more severe form of the disease called wet macular degeneration, which may cause rapid vision loss. There is no accurate way to predict who will eventually develop wet macular degeneration.

Other eye diseases such as cataracts, glaucoma, retinal detachment, or dry eyes are not complications of macular degeneration. Patients with macular degeneration can, however, develop these or other eye diseases and people with these conditions can also develop AMD concurrently.