While it is normal to feel an urge to urinate 4-6 times a day but if it exceeds this number, you may be suffering from the problem of frequent urination, especially if you need to urinate more than 8 times a day.

From diabetes, pregnancy, anxiety to bladder stones, kidney infections, urinary tract infection and prostate problem, there can be multiple causes of frequent urination. If you have not been drinking excess water or too close to your bedtime and still having to urinate for more than 8 times a day or wake up repeatedly at night, you must visit your doctor for underlying cause of frequent urination. This becomes crucial if your frequent urination is accompanied by fever and chills.

If there is nothing very serious about your frequent urination problem, you can use one or more of the home remedies for frequent urination.

Taking all dietary modifications along with some lifestyle changes like regular exercising and Kegel exercises for strengthening pelvic muscles will help you get rid of frequent urination. However, because frequent urination have various different causes, some of which are really serious, you should visit your doctor to get a proper diagnosis and treatment for the underlying cause of your frequent urination.

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If you wake up feeling irritable and like you haven’t had enough rest, and if your spouse complains about your snoring, you may have Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA).

OSA is a sleep disorder affecting over 12 million Americans, and it can affect your entire body and mental state if it goes untreated. Untreated OSA causes heart attacks, strokes, high blood pressure, car accidents, depression and work-related accidents.

The FDA (Food and Drug Administration) makes sure that the products used to treat OSA are effective. One of the most common devices used to treat OSA is the Continuous Positive Airway Pressure machine (CPAP), and there is also a new product called the Inspire Upper Airway Stimulation (UAS) System.

What is Sleep Apnea?

Apnea is the Greek word meaning “without breath.”  A person with sleep apnea experiences episodes where breathing is interrupted several times while asleep. The interruptions can last from a few seconds to a few minutes and can happen up to 100 times per hour. (It’s normal to have this happen less than five times per hour.). Sometimes when the breathing resumes, there’s a choking sound or loud snort.

The most common type of sleep apnea is obstructive sleep apnea, and it occurs because of a blockage of the airway (for instance, when the soft tissue in the back of the throat collapses). Central sleep apnea is a less common form of sleep apnea that occurs when the part of the brain that controls breathing doesn’t properly send signals to your breathing muscles.

Dr. Eric Mann, deputy director of the Division of Ophthalmic, Neurological, and Ear, Nose and Throat Devices for the FDA, states that most people don’t know they have sleep apnea because it takes place while they are asleep. The frequent interruptions in breathing that cause you to wake up keep you feeling tired and irritable the next day.

Sleep Apnea in Men more than Women. Risk factors for Sleep Apnea include:

  • smoking
  • being over age 40,
  • being overweight (The extra fat around the neck can obstruct the airway.)
  • a family history of sleep apnea, and
  • a nasal obstruction caused by allergies, sinus problems or a deviated septum

Some children can have sleep apnea between age 3 to 6 if they have enlarged adenoids and tonsils obstructing the upper airway.

Dr. Mann recommends consulting your health care provider as soon as possible if you suspect you (or your child) have sleep apnea. However, to get a confirmation of such diagnosis, there will have to be a sleep study.

A polysomnogram (PSG) is a sleep study used to determine a diagnosis of sleep apnea. It is often done in a lab or center to monitor eye movement, brain activity, blood pressure and how much air moves in and out the lungs.

Getting Treatment

Sometimes a change in our behavior can improve sleep apnea. For starters, we can try managing our weight and reducing the use of medicines and beverages (like alcohol) that makes us drowsy and also make it harder to breathe.

As stated earlier, the CPAP machine is the most commonly used treatment for OSA because it uses mild air pressure to prevent the airway from being blocked. Some devices only cover your nose and some cover both your mouth and nose.

Regardless of your skin type, you need to use products that do more benefit to your skin than harm. While shopping for your ideal beauty product, take heed to the Food and Drug Administration’s (FDA) warning about lotions, skin creams and soaps that have mercury.

What is the best way to determine if a cosmetic product has mercury—in particular those labeled as skin lightening or anti-aging? Just look at the label and see if you can find the terms mercury, mercuric, mercurio, calomel or mercurous chloride. If you see any of these terms in the product, then it means it has mercury, and you need to stop using it.

These products are usually sold as anti-aging products and skin lighteners that eliminate freckles, blemishes, spots and wrinkles. Some teenagers use products like these for acne.

The FDA’s Office Regulatory Affairs representative Jason Humbert claims these products are made overseas and are marketed illegally in the US.  Ethnic shops targeting Asian, Latino, Middle Eastern and African communities often sell these products. Social media sites and other online outlets also market these products. Some people buy these products overseas and bring them back to the United States.

You can’t just assume a product is okay if the ingredients are not listed. It’s against federal law to fail to disclose the ingredients of a nonprescription or cosmetic product. So if the product has no ingredients listed, it is highly recommended you do not use the product Also, don’t use products that have ingredients listed in another language because that’s also a sign of an illegally marketed product.

These products may be marketed as cosmetic products, but they are not FDA-approved.  The only time the FDA allows mercury to be used in a drug or cosmetics is when that’s the only alternative for an efficient preservative. However, this is not the case in these illegal products.

Injunctions, enforcement action, legal seizure of all merchandise, and criminal prosecution are possible consequences for distributors and sellers who market these products.

Mercury is dangerous

The negative consequences of using mercury go far beyond that of the person using the product. It also affects the entire environment where the product is used.

Mercury vapors can be inhaled that are released from the products. Also, people in the house can touch objects like towels or washcloths that have absorbed the vapors.  Pregnant women and women who are nursing are vulnerable to mercury poisoning because the mercury can affect the unborn baby’s brain and nervous system, and it can be passed on to breast milk if a mother is breastfeeding. Other populations, including young children may be highly vulnerable to mercury poisoning.

Pubic crabs are tiny parasitic blood-sucking wingless insects that infest the human genitals, causing itching and red spots.

Pubic crabs affect sexually active adolescents and adults much more commonly than children. Pubic lice cannot survive for very long away from the warmth and humidity of a human body. Experts say that crabs are the most contagious STD (sexually transmitted disease).

Crabs can be treated without needing to go to see a doctor. There are pubic crabs treatment creams, lotions and shampoos available at pharmacies which do not require a doctor’s prescription.

Anybody with an infestation should also make sure that other people who came into close physical contact receive treatment; including all members of the household, not just sexual partners. In the majority of cases, the first pubic crabs treatment will be successful and all the lice will be killed off. However, the nits may still be there, with the risk of hatching. If you re-apply the medication after seven days it makes sure that any hatched lice will be killed off before they are mature enough to reproduce.