How to Increase Muscle Endurance?

Whether you’re training for a marathon or chasing a toddler around the house, there are plenty of reasons to want more stamina.

Endurance gives you the ability to power through physical activities at your peak level. Athletes build up stamina, or endurance, over time through a healthy lifestyle, a regular exercise or training routine and a balanced diet, but there may be times when you need to build up your stamina even more in just a few days. Whether it’s in preparation for a sporting event or other physically demanding activity, there are some additional things you can focus on to achieve this.

To build muscle endurance, limit your recovery time between sets to 30 to 90 seconds. Want to kick things up a notch? Take the recovery time — and the weight — down a notch. Less resistance, more repetitions and resting for 30 seconds or less between exercises is optimal for building stamina, a 2006 article in the Journal of Strength Conditioning and Research concluded. In other words, embrace those circuit workouts!

More info: How to Increase Muscle Endurance?

Memory Loss Prevention

It is normal for it to become more difficult to recall certain types of information (like people’s names) as people age.

Mild cognitive impairment is memory loss that goes beyond the normal expectancy for a person’s age, but a person still can do daily functions while having this condition.

Dementia is a more serious type of memory loss that is characterized by a progression of memory impairment, which eventually hinders other parts of one’s thinking abilities. Alzheimer’s disease (a condition in which brain abnormalities are formed by a rapid brain cell loss) is a primary cause of dementia even though other conditions can cause it.

Can We Prevent Memory Loss?

There are several ongoing clinical studies aimed at discovering intervention strategies for memory loss. Current research data indicates that shifting progestin and estrogen levels caused the risk of dementia in women older than 65 to increase. To date, claims that ginkgo biloba prevents memory loss are unsupported by concrete evidence.

However, there are some strategies you can try to help reduce the potential for memory loss:

  • Get your blood pressure and cholesterol under control. Research has proven that prolonged high cholesterol and high blood pressure increases the risk for vascular conditions (stroke and heart disease) that may lead to the onset of Alzheimer’s disease or the development of vascular dementia (also known as multi-infarct dementia.
  • Don’t smoke or abuse alcohol.
  • Exercise regularly to keep your blood flowing properly to the brain, which will decrease your chances of dementia.
  • Maintain healthy eating habits. A diet of less saturated fats and more leaf green vegetables is just what the doctor ordered for decreasing memory loss.  Beneficial fats like a omega-3 fatty acids found in fish like salmon and tuna are also great for brain health.
  • Keep an active social life, which will help you relieve stress.

Researcher claim people need to stay mentally active via writing, reading, learning new things, playing games, and gardening stimulates brain cells and the connections between them for better cognitive function and less risk for dementia.

How to Treat Migraine Headaches?

Migraine headache is one of the most common problems seen in the emergency department and in the doctor’s office. It is a type of headache that appears to originate in the blood vessels of the head.

Migraine headache typically lasts from 4-72 hours or longer without headache treatment and vary in frequency from one per week to one per year. Migraine headache affects about 15% of the population. Three times as many women as men have migraine headache. Over 80% of people with migraine headache have other members in the family who have migraines.

Different types of migraine headache are:

  • Common migraine headache accounts for 80% of migraines. There is “aura” before a common migraine. An aura is a symptom that appears before the headache. Most often an aura is a visual disturbance (seeing outlines of lights or jagged light images).
  • Classic migraine headache presents with an aura and is usually much more severe than common migraine. Headache treatment may be required in this case.
  • Status migrainous headache is a persistent migraine that does not go away without headache treatment

A staggering range of potential migraine headache treatment exists. Depending on the severity of your symptoms, you may be advised to take over-the-counter analgesics, prescription headache treatment medications designed to quickly relieve symptoms, or even long-term headache treatment medication to prevent headaches from developing


Earlier Stages of Alzheimer’s Disease

Many people in the United States suffer from Alzheimer’s disease.

Alzheimer’s disease is the sixth leading cause of death in the US and has become the primary cause of dementia in people age 60 and over. Currently, over 5 million people in the United States have this condition, which gradually destroys memory and other cognitive abilities. The effects of this condition have proven to be irreversible as it gradually takes away a person’s ability to do daily cognitive functions.

Scientists have aggressively attempted to discover intervention strategies and treatment techniques for Alzheimer’s, but the results have been few.  Over the past 20 years, the FDA has approved five medications for Alzheimer’s, and one of these was just discovered as recently as 2003.  Drugs only provide so much benefit, so there must be more done to treat this disease.

Studies have shown that it takes several years for the brain abnormalities develop that characterize Alzheimer’s.  In the past, the focus of study has been done after the symptoms were undeniable, but that is many years after the brain changes have already taken place. Researchers propose that the best treatment for the disease must occur during the early stages of the disease: either at the earliest onset of obvious Alzheimer’s symptoms or earlier than that.

That’s why medications for the disease have shifted the focus on treating the condition before the more serious stages of dementia have occurred. In 2013, the FDA approved of a draft guidance to assist companies that desire to do clinical studies targeting intervention strategies aimed at treating the condition before the onset of dementia, a stage in the disease that may prove to be more treatable.

Dr. Eric Bastings, Deputy Director of the Division of Neurology Products for the FDA claims that the best window of opportunity for aggressively treating the disease must occur before people start experiencing the more obvious symptoms.

The 2013 FDA draft guidance looks promising as a tool to assist researchers in creating clinical trials for early stage Alzheimer’s therapies. The guidance is designed to promote dialog between new drug sponsors, the FDA, the academic/research community and the public.

Neurologists in the Division of Neurology Products for the FDA agree that the earlier the diagnosis in patients during the earlier stages of brain changes, the better the success of the clinical studies. Therefore, the FDA’s intention is to discover efficient and safe early intervention methods to prevent extensive brain damage.

The FDA’s draft guidance hopes to influence clinical trials at the earliest stages of Alzheimer’s as possible—even if no obvious symptoms are present.