Overactive Bladder Symptoms and Relief

June 5, 2016

For those that have an overactive bladder, there are FDA treatments to make things easier for you and control the symptoms.

Those that have an overactive bladder have muscles in the bladder that squeeze without warning ort too often which leads to urinary problems such as:

  • Frequent urination which is defines as more than eight times per day or two times per night
  • There a need to urinate immediately
  • Since there’s a need to urinate immediately, there can be involuntary leakage of urine

About 33 million Americans have these types of symptoms. Most people don’t go for any treatment since they are embarrassed or simply don’t know about the treatment options available to them. In the U.S., 40 perfect of women and 30 percent of men live with the symptoms of an overactive bladder.

There are therapies for overactive bladder such as patches, gels, oral medications, OTC medications and bladder injections for those that have severe symptoms.

The Causes

The main cause of an overactive bladder are spinal cord injury, stroke, Parkinson’s disease, multiple sclerosis, and neurological disorders, but often the cause isn’t known.

Conditions such as bladder tumors, early pregnancy, urinary tract infection, prostate disease, and uncontrolled diabetes mellitus, have symptoms which are like overactive bladder. These need to be excluded before a proper diagnosis is given according to medical team leader for urology in FDA’s Division of Bone, Reproductive and Urologic Products, Suresh Kaul, M.D, M.P.H.

As you age, the risk of developing overactive bladder increases. Elderly women are one of the groups which is impacted greatly by the condition.

Consumer Options

For the treatment of overactive bladder, there are several treatment options available. The treatment helps the muscles to relax so there’s no contracting at the wrong times. One class of medications that are widely used are called anticholinergics. These drugs contain fesoterodine, oxybutynin, tolterodine, or solifenacin. They work to inhibit involuntary contractions of the bladder.

Another drug approved recently by the FDA is Myrbetriq (mirabegron). This drug improves the bladder’s ability to store your urine. It relaxes the bladder muscle as its being filled. Some of the side effects of using the drug include urinary tract infection or increased blood pressure. In some cases, Myrbetriq increase the chances that you can’t empty the bladder on your own. This may be the case if you’re taking other types of medication to treat overactive bladder.

Women that are 18 years or older can take Oxytrol for Women which is a patch. This is applied to the skin every four days. The OTC patch can be bought without any prescription and provides the drug oxybutynin. Men can get a oxybutynin patch by prescription which is called Oxytrol. This patch has side effects like dizziness, skin irritation, sleepiness, hallucinations, confusion, and blurry vision.

Adults that don’t adequately respond to anticholinergic can take Botox injections. This is injected into the bladder muscle under a general or a local anesthesia. The urologist uses a small camera to see the inside wall of the bladder.

The bladder relaxes when injected by Botox. This helps it store urine and reduce the instances of urinary incontinence. When the Botox wears off, more injections can be given, but not sooner than three months since the last injections were given.

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