Food Safety Foundation

April 30, 2013

For the Food and Drug Administration, prevention is at the heart of food safety.

“Preventing problems before they cause harm is not only common sense, it is the key to food safety in the 21st century,” says FDA Commissioner Margaret A.
Hamburg, M.D. “We cannot afford to wait until people become ill to realize there is a problem.”

Prevention is the core principle of the FDA Food Safety Modernization Act that President Obama signed into law in 2011, creating a blueprint for the most sweeping changes to the nation’s food protection system since Theodore Roosevelt held office.

In accordance with that law, FDA is promulgating five new rules to support and strengthen the nation’s food safety system for the 21st century. Together, the proposed rules will establish requirements for farmers, food companies and importers to prevent foodborne illness.

The first two have been proposed and published for public comment:

  • Preventive Controls for Human Food: This rule sets safety requirements for facilities that process, package or store food for people. (There is a separate, upcoming rule for animal food.) The rule will require that food facilities implement “preventive controls,” a science-based set of measures intended to prevent foodborne illness.
  • Produce Safety: The food-safety law requires that science-based standards be set for the production and harvesting of fruits and vegetables, and FDA is proposing such standards for growing, harvesting, packing, and holding produce on farms.
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According to National Institutes of Health, Veins are blood vessels that return deoxygenated blood from the outer parts of the body back to the heart and lungs. When veins become abnormally thick, full of twists and turns, or enlarged, they are called varicose veins. This happens most commonly in the veins in the legs and thighs.

Many people have no symptoms at all from their varicose veins, except for the fact that they are noticeable and their appearance can be embarrassing.   Other than cosmetic embarrassment, the most common symptoms of varicose veins are aching, discomfort and heaviness of the legs, which are usually worse at the end of the day.  Sometimes the ankle can swell, too.  These symptoms are not medically serious, but can be treated if they are sufficiently troublesome.

The goals of varicose vein treatment are to reduce symptoms and prevent complications. For some, the goal may be improved appearance. Home treatment – especially exercising, wearing compression stockings or any kind of home-made varicose veins treatment – is the first and often best approach.

The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is warning the public that a product distributed and sold under the name ‘WOW’ is really just another product in disguise, one that can cause serious harm.

Earlier in 2012, FDA twice warned the public about taking Reumofan Plus—marketed as a “natural” dietary supplement for the treatment of many conditions, including arthritis and bone cancer—because, in reality, it contains undeclared active ingredients found in prescription drugs that should only be used under the supervision of a health care professional.

Brad Pace, regulatory counsel at FDA’s Health Fraud and Consumer Outreach Branch, says some distributors have deliberately put a new label and a new name, WOW, on bottles of Reumofan Plus to deceptively sell remaining supplies. Pace says WOW has been distributed to online retailers and other distributors, as well as directly to consumers.

Serious Health Risks

Since June, FDA has received dozens of reports from consumers who used Reumofan Plus of serious, and sometimes fatal, outcomes. The reports include liver injury, severe bleeding, corticosteroid withdrawal syndrome, adrenal suppression and stroke.

FDA laboratory analysis confirmed that WOW contains the same undeclared prescription drug ingredients that are in Reumofan Plus:

  • dexamethasone—a corticosteroid used to treat inflammatory conditions such as asthma and rheumatoid arthritis, that can increase the risk of infection, and cause increased blood sugar levels, changes in blood pressure, damage to bones, psychiatric problems. When taken for a prolonged period at high doses, it can cause adrenal suppression.
  • diclofenac sodium—a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) that may cause increased risk of cardiovascular events, such as heart attack, as well as serious gastrointestinal problems.
  • methocarbamol—a muscle relaxant that can cause sedation, dizziness and low blood pressure, and impair mental or physical abilities to perform tasks such as driving a motor vehicle or operating machinery.

In addition to causing injury on their own, the hidden drugs found in these products could interact with other medications, resulting in serious health consequences.

Before buying decorative lenses, here’s what you should know:

  • They are not cosmetics or over-the-counter merchandise. They are medical devices regulated by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). Places that advertise them as cosmetics or sell them without a prescription are breaking the law.
  • They are not “one size fits all.” An eye doctor (ophthalmologist or optometrist) must measure each eye to properly fit the lenses and evaluate how your eye responds to contact lens wear. A poor fit can cause serious eye damage, including
    • scratches on the cornea (the clear dome of tissue over the iris – the part of the eye that gives you your eye color)
    • corneal infection (an ulcer on the cornea)
    • conjunctivitis (pink eye)
    • decreased vision
    • blindness
  • Places that sell decorative lenses without a prescription may give you few or no instructions on how to clean and care for your lenses.

Failure to use the proper solution to keep contact lenses clean and moist can lead to infections, says Bernard Lepri, O.D., M.S., M.Ed., an optometrist at FDA. “Bacterial infections can be extremely rapid, result in corneal ulcers, and cause blindness—sometimes within as little as 24 hours if not diagnosed and treated promptly.”

How to Buy Decorative Contact Lense

  • Get an eye exam from a licensed eye doctor (ophthalmologist or optometrist), even if you feel your vision is perfect.
  • Get a valid prescription that includes the brand name, lens measurements, and an expiration date. But don’t expect your eye doctor to prescribe anime, or circle, lenses. These bigger-than-normal lenses that give the wearer a wide-eyed, doll-like look have not been approved by FDA.
  • Whether you go in person or shop online, buy the lenses from a seller that requires you to provide a prescription.
  • Follow directions for cleaning, disinfecting, and wearing the lenses, and visit your eye doctor for follow-up eye exams.
  • See your eye doctor right away if you have signs of possible eye infection:
    • redness
    • eye pain that doesn’t go away after a short time
    • decrease in vision

How to Buy Decorative Contact Lenses Safely

  • Get an eye exam from a licensed eye doctor (ophthalmologist or optometrist), even if you feel your vision is perfect.
  • Get a valid prescription that includes the brand name, lens measurements, and an expiration date. But don’t expect your eye doctor to prescribe anime, or circle, lenses. These bigger-than-normal lenses that give the wearer a wide-eyed, doll-like look have not been approved by FDA.
  • Whether you go in person or shop online, buy the lenses from a seller that requires you to provide a prescription.
  • Follow directions for cleaning, disinfecting, and wearing the lenses, and visit your eye doctor for follow-up eye exams.
  • See your eye doctor right away if you have signs of possible eye infection:
    • redness
    • eye pain that doesn’t go away after a short time
    • decrease in vision

Plastic surgery is often necessary for women who lost much fat and who want to improve their appearance. Major fat loss often results in the drastic change of the bust size, which is seen in the clothing, making women feel uncomfortable.

When women are young, their bust consist mainly of the glandular (firm) issues, which are replaced by looser fatty tissues with the age. This is a normal process, and it is also typical in case of losing much fat. It concerns not only women, but men as well.

Maintaining Bust Shape

Fast fat reduction is without doubt one of the key reasons for lowered skin firmness, and the bust tissue is particularly susceptible to those changes. Bust shape surgery is a method that helps to strip the extra, loose bust skin. Due to this procedure, the shape of the nipple and of the bust tissue becomes more youthful and “uplifted”. Moreover, bust look and feel more supple just like before the fat loss.

The operation is performed with consideration for a client’s desires and purposes. It determines the individual character of the operation: the skin amount which is necessary to remove and the type of removal are decided individually. In most cases the patients need some skin removal around the nipples and the maintaining bust shape.

Occasionally, it is even possible to remove skin only in one area, which is preferable because it results in fewer scars. Though it is hardly the case of people with a really big fat loss as their skin laxity needs more work to be done. Most people have no discomfort during this operation, and can get back to work in week or so, and may carry on with their normal routines 3 weeks later.

Maintaining Bust Size

In most cases both the bust skin and tissue have been affected by the fat loss. In reality, the bust tissue that is usually soft and healthy becomes loose. Bust size enlargement solves this problem and restores the lost area by the placement of a bust size implant.

There are a lot of choices for this procedure. The surgery is carried out through some small incisions. They are located around the areola, along the bust fold and sometimes in the underarm. The location of an implant depends on how much fat a patient has lost. For those who have lost a lot of fat it is placed under the muscle of a bust, and for those who have lost not so much the implant is placed under the tissue. A bust size augmentation is an outpatient procedure. It can be done with either local or central anesthesia. Surgeons usually perform this operation during one or two hours. To lessen postoperative pain oral medicines are usually prescribed. As we have already mentioned, patients can start working in a week or so, as a rule.

Bust Size Implants

Moral police and medical professionals often frown upon bust size implants because these people know about some real risks in breast health associated with the implants. There are a lot of discussions about implants with a silicone gel inside, that’s why most surgeons use implants charged with a saline solution.

To find the best solution for the problems, which you have after fat losing, visit the fat and diet forums where such problems are discussed. There you will find different opinions, advice and recommendations on natural improvement of your bust size and attractiveness.

For instance, most women there can suggest bust enlargement hormones or bust enhancing cream which you can use to get the “abundant”, solid, catchy bust you had prior to your fat loss plan – with no dangerous complications of bust implant surgeries.