For a large number of females it takes place like alarm clock each month: cramps, swift changes in moods, and acne breakouts. Specialists realize that acne in adult women breakouts can be affected by hormonal fluctuations; however study on this topic has been rather minimal – until recently. A recent research stated that acne in adult women usually happens the week that precedes their period.
What is interesting about hormonal acne in adult women is the fact that they cannot be treated by the usual therapy methods. Topical antibiotics and topical retinoids are useless in this case. Some indications that can help your doctor to diagnose hormonally-influenced acne in adult women:
- Acne breakouts or onsets that for the first time appear in adults
- Acne flashes connected with menstrual cycle
- A history of menstruating irregularly
- Your skin oiliness exceeds the norms;
- Hirsutism (problems with growing hair)
- Raised levels of certain androgens in your blood stream
Though hormonal acne in adult women usually starts to disturb women of about 20-25, adolescents and senior women can be susceptible to it. And women over 30 are a risk group. Acne pimples usually appear on face, especially chin and jaw. But sometimes there are traces of acne on the chest or back. Acne pimples are of three types: inflammatory papules, inflammatory nodules and comedones. But where is the reason for it?
According to American Skincare & Cellulite Expert Association:
Usually it starts at the age of 9-10 (at prepubescent years). The adrenal glands begin the dihydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEAS) production, which is one of the androgens. In the beginning of puberty some “male” hormones, such as dehydrotestosterone (DHT) and testosterone, step in to act in a woman body, stimulating excessive secretion of sebum (the natural oil of skin) by the sebaceous glands.
This is also the reason why teenagers suffer from acne so frequently. And the problem is more typical for boys, because their bodies produce more ‘male’ hormones. It is rather difficult to treat teenagers’ acne, because their hormone systems are unbalanced and suffer from constant changes. Very often benzoyl peroxide, topical retinoids (sometimes combined with an oral antibiotic) can have good results. With growth of the body though, there can be serious hormonal changes therefore the medicine may seem to be ineffective at this period. It is essential to adjust the treatment course and introduce safe and natural acne products.
Some women may never see acne on their faces; others may experience it only before menstruation. When menstrual cycle begins, the level of estrogen is at its high with reduction of estrogen at the end of the period. When ovulation passed, the ovaries start progesterone production. It is another hormone which causes the sebaceous glands stimulation. And sebum invites acne in adult women.
Sometimes hormones can also cause acne in pregnant women. At the time of the third trimester sebaceous glands’ active work can provoke unpleasant breakouts. It may sound strange, but sometimes acne in adult women may appear even afther menopause. The reason is that the body produces less estrogen and more testosterone.
But do not expect that this kind of acne in adult women will disappear occasionally. Dermatologist will recommend you a good treatment plan for all cases of acne in adult women.